Poland after the collapse of the Soviet Union turned from a primarily emigration state to mainly an immigration one. The profound influx of migrants did not result in an effective nationwide integration policy for integration. Migration and integration governance can be defined as a set of legislation and regulatory measures, as well as practical actions developed and implemented by diverse actors, on transnational, national and local levels. A bulk of migration scholars have worked on the theoretical framework of the Multilevel Governance of Migration and Integration, having a consensus that the local level can bypass and, in some cases, surpass the national level. The aim of this chapter is to analyse the local responses for the integration of foreign language-speaking children (migrants, refugees, Polish children returnees) in Wroclaw in Poland, by using the lens of the MLG theory along with empirical data. For this research, 10 in-depth interviews were conducted, and 45 questionnaires were distributed in Wroclaw to primary and secondary teachers. The result of the research shows that head teachers, teachers and the local government are the key drivers of the inclusion and education of these children. © 2024 selection and editorial matter, Karolina Sobczak-Szelc, Marta Pachocka, and Justyna Szalanska.

DOI: 10.4324/9781003228967-8

ISBN: 9781003814573; 9781032116662